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Foreword



Foreword

When you are inter­ested in physics you must read “Unbe­liev­able”!

In daily life we are used to the aware­ness that what we observe is brought to us by means of a medium. For exam­ple, the sounds we hear are prop­a­gated by means of the air around us. Under­stand­ably we might think that light is trans­ported in a sim­i­lar way. There is how­ever an impor­tant dif­fer­ence between the prop­a­ga­tion of light and the prop­a­ga­tion of sound. If we pump away the air sur­round­ing us we can­not hear the sounds around us, but we can still see. The con­clu­sion must be that light is trans­ported through another medium than the air that con­ducts the sounds we hear.

In the 18th and 19th cen­tury physi­cists were dili­gent in their search for a medium that trans­ports light. The medium the sci­en­tists were look­ing for was given the name “ether”. It was pre­sumed that there were two pos­si­ble ethers; ether that could be influ­enced or ether at absolute rest which there­fore could not be influenced.

In 1727 Bradley observed the stel­lar aber­ra­tion of a star called y-​Draconis. Sci­ence con­cluded unjus­ti­fi­able that dragged ether could not explain stel­lar aber­ra­tion. Dragged ether can be com­pared with the air around a mov­ing object. The object, for exam­ple a mov­ing car, drags the air close at the sur­face. The more the dis­tance increases the less the air is influ­enced by the move­ment of the car.

Sci­en­tists did not give any argu­ment for their con­clu­sion why dragged ether can­not exist when stel­lar aber­ra­tion occurs. The only rea­son is that they were not able to rec­on­cile the phe­nom­e­non of stel­lar aber­ra­tion with dragged ether.

The famous exper­i­ment of Michel­son and Mor­ley in 1887 demon­strated, with­out doubt, that ether in absolute rest could not exist. The con­clu­sion, after the rejec­tion of both ethers, was that there could not exist ether respon­si­ble for the trans­port of light in vacuum.

In astron­omy it is observed that light, com­ing from galax­ies, shows a red shift of the spec­trum. The larger the dis­tance of the galax­ies, the larger the red shifts. The Dutch physi­cist Lorentz deduced the Lorentz-​transformations, by which rel­a­tivis­tic (astro­nom­i­cal) obser­va­tions have to be corrected.

The (unjus­ti­fied) denial of both ethers, com­bined with the mea­sured con­stant speed of light, inde­pen­dent of the move­ment of source, caused Einstein’s Spe­cial Rel­a­tiv­ity The­ory (SRT) to be inevitable. While not the most obvi­ous solu­tion, it became the most accept­able in view of the sci­en­tific assump­tion that space was absolutely empty.

Later it is proven that dragged ether was denied unjustly. The ignored dragged ether the­ory gives answers to until now inex­plic­a­ble phys­i­cal phe­nom­ena. Pre­sent­ing an inte­gral pic­ture of the the­ory is the only way to con­vince sci­en­tists of the enor­mous poten­tial of the ether the­ory. The pre­sented ether is com­pletely con­sis­tent with all the rel­a­tivis­tic observations.

In “From Para­dox to Par­a­digm” I demon­strate the tremen­dous pos­si­bil­i­ties of dragged ether.

Next chap­ter: Intro­duc­tion to the theory

When you are interested in physics you must read “Unbelievable“!

In daily life we are used to the awareness that what we observe is brought to us by means of a medium. For example, the sounds we hear are propagated by means of the air around us. Understandably we might think that light is transported in a similar way. There is however an important difference between the propagation of light and the propagation of sound. If we pump away the air surrounding us we cannot hear the sounds around us, but we can still see. The conclusion must be that light is transported through another medium than the air that conducts the sounds we hear.

In the 18th and 19th century physicists were diligent in their search for a medium that transports light. The medium the scientists were looking for was given the name “ether”. It was presumed that there were two possible ethers; ether that could be influenced or ether at absolute rest which therefore could not be influenced.

In 1727 Bradley observed the stellar aberration of a star called y-Draconis. Science concluded unjustifiable that dragged ether could not explain stellar aberration. Dragged ether can be compared with the air around a moving object. The object, for example a moving car, drags the air close at the surface. The more the distance increases the less the air is influenced by the movement of the car.

Scientists did not give any argument for their conclusion why dragged ether cannot exist when stellar aberration occurs. The only reason is that they were not able to reconcile the phenomenon of stellar aberration with dragged ether.

The famous experiment of Michelson and Morley in 1887 demonstrated, without doubt, that ether in absolute rest could not exist. The conclusion, after the rejection of both ethers, was that there could not exist ether responsible for the transport of light in vacuum.

In astronomy it is observed that light, coming from galaxies, shows a red shift of the spectrum. The larger the distance of the galaxies, the larger the red shifts. The Dutch physicist Lorentz deduced the Lorentz-transformations, by which relativistic (astronomical) observations have to be corrected.

The (unjustified) denial of both ethers, combined with the measured constant speed of light, independent of the movement of source, caused Einstein’s Special Relativity Theory (SRT) to be inevitable. While not the most obvious solution, it became the most acceptable in view of the scientific assumption that space was absolutely empty.

Later it is proven that dragged ether was denied unjustly. The ignored dragged ether theory gives answers to until now inexplicable physical phenomena. Presenting an integral picture of the theory is the only way to convince scientists of the enormous potential of the ether theory. The presented ether is completely consistent with all the relativistic observations.

In “From Paradox to Paradigm” I demonstrate the tremendous possibilities of dragged ether.

Next chapterIntroduction to the theory

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