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The electric field and the ether



The electric field and the ether

When you are inter­ested in physics you must read “Unbe­liev­able”!

First we describe the phys­i­cal prop­er­ties the ether should have to be con­sis­tent with the vac­uum and the observed elec­tro­sta­tic field. We fol­low a path unknown and dif­fer­ent in many ways from gen­er­ally accepted the­o­ries lead­ing to other thoughts and pos­si­bil­i­ties so diverged that the con­se­quences induces strong rejec­tion by estab­lished science.

Objec­tively the described ether only has to be con­sis­tent with obser­va­tions. The crit­i­cism against ether is deter­mined by cur­rent acknowl­edged the­ses and not by fun­da­men­tal objec­tions. The ether the­ory asks for an unbi­ased atti­tude, because many per­spec­tives are new and con­trary to the present per­cep­tions of sci­ence. It is easy to just ridicule the ether the­ory, but sci­ence should know bet­ter. Sci­en­tists should always be open to new ideas. Argu­ments should be direc­tive to the out­come of the debate and not prej­u­dice. No thought should be denied with­out reason.

If there is ether, than ether hides in a vac­uum. The speed of light c, almost 300,000 km/​s, is one of the char­ac­ter­is­tics of vac­uum and there­fore of the ether. The elec­tric char­ac­ter­is­tic of vac­uum is deter­mined by εo while the mag­netic prop­er­ties are described by μo. The rela­tion between the elec­tric and mag­netic prop­er­ties of vac­uum is given by:


The speed of light c, how­ever high it may seem, can be con­sid­ered as the inert qual­ity of vac­uum respec­tively the lag of ether to trans­fer elec­tro­sta­tic changes through space in time. When there are elec­tro­sta­tic changes it takes time to adjust for vac­uum respec­tively the ether sur­round­ing the source. The time lag to trans­fer elec­tro­sta­tic changes in space is given by the speed of light c.

Elec­tric charges in space can be held respon­si­ble for a dielec­tric shift in the ether. The result of the dielec­tric dis­place­ment is a sta­tic elec­tric field. Elec­tric charges polar­ize ether. The nat­ural con­stant in vac­uum for this phys­i­cal phe­nom­e­non is the dielec­tric sus­cep­ti­bil­ity εo. When we place a charge Q in space at t=0 the sur­round­ing ether will be polar­ized with the speed of light c. εo tells us some­thing about the force needed to attain a shift of elec­tric charge in space. The strength of an elec­tric field is in physics given by:

The equa­tion indi­cates that the influ­ence of charge Q on the ether declines when the dis­tance to Q increases. The blast of an explo­sion dimin­ishes in a same way when the dis­tance changes. E, in the equa­tion, is than the loud­ness of the blast at dis­tance R. The elec­tric field around Q builds up with the veloc­ity c (the blast with the speed of sound). With ether the process of shift­ing charges in space can be described.

When we assume an ether is present in vac­cuum than the ether should be the medium where the elec­tric field orig­i­nates resp. exists. In ether there has to be pos­i­tive and neg­a­tive charge ele­ments to be able to explain the elec­tric field. If we assume ether is some sort of per­fect fluid where pos­i­tive– and neg­a­tive charge ele­ments are present and can sep­a­rate and an elec­tric field occurs, we encounter an incon­sis­tency in explain­ing the elec­tro­mag­netic prop­er­ties of vacuum.

When there is free pos­i­tive and neg­a­tive charge in ether a charge in vac­uum would instantly be shielded by the oppo­site charge in the flu­idic ether. An elec­tric field then not exist. So to be able to describe the elec­tric field we have to assume that the ether is con­fined to an iden­tity. The pos­i­tive and neg­a­tive charge in ether can­not be totally free.

The nat­ural con­stants εo, μo and c describes the physics of vac­uum and there­fore the ether it con­tains. The polar­iza­tion process can be under­stood by assum­ing the ether, vac­uum, exist­ing of very small neu­tral point-​volumes. The assump­tion of an iden­tity like the point-​volume is nec­es­sary to be able to describe the physics con­cern­ing the elec­tro­sta­tic field. The assump­tion of the exis­tence of point-​volumes may seem remark­able at first.

We fur­ther assume each neu­tral point-​volume is the result of two over­lap­ping point-​volumes of oppo­site sign; a neg­a­tive and a pos­i­tive point-​volume. The neg­a­tive and pos­i­tive point-​volume can be (partly) sep­a­rated depend­ing on the strength of the elec­tric field. The vac­uum is con­sid­ered to be filled with point-​volumes.

These assump­tions do not add any phys­i­cal char­ac­ter­is­tics to the vac­uum we already know. The enti­ties ε, μ and c already implies these now visu­al­ized char­ac­ter­is­tics. The assump­tion of point-​volumes is just the means to visu­al­ize the process. When there is an elec­tric field the strength of this field is con­sid­ered rec­i­p­ro­cally pro­por­tional with the squared dis­tance of the pos­i­tive and neg­a­tive point-​volume. Schemat­i­cally the sep­a­ra­tion is demon­strated in fig­ure 8.

Com­pare the process with a very small and very strong spring. When there is an elec­tric field E on oppo­site sides of the point-​volume, there are equal forces pulling apart the pos­i­tive and neg­a­tive part. When there is for exam­ple a pos­i­tive charge +Q in the ether, then in the point-​volumes next to +Q the neg­a­tive part of the point-​volume is attracted and the pos­i­tive is rejected. The sep­a­ra­tion in these point-​volumes ini­ti­ates a sep­a­ra­tion, in a sim­i­lar way, in the next point-​volume and so on. In this way one can envis­age the exis­tence of an elec­tric field in vac­uum caused by an elec­tric charge.

Fig­ure 8. The charge or vol­ume sep­a­ra­tion in a point-​volume.

The charge +Q attracts charge in the ether sur­round­ing it to the extent that and until the charge +Q is neu­tral­ized by a shift –Q in the adja­cent point-​volumes. The charge is neu­tral­ized. The charge shift in the adja­cent point-​volumes is again neu­tral­ized by the shift in the next point-​volume etc. With the speed of light c the dielec­tric dis­place­ment of charge +Q occurs in space. Although there is a new bal­ance in the ether after X/​c sec at dis­tance X from Q, there is still a ten­sion in the ether; the elec­tric field E.

Sum­ma­riz­ing the pre­vi­ous; the charge +Q placed in the ether polar­izes the ether and at the same time the polar­iza­tion neu­tral­izes the charge. The ten­sion in the ether is caused by the shift of charge in the point-​volumes sur­round­ing the charge. The ten­sion in the ether (E) dimin­ishes with the increase in dis­tance R accord­ing to the formula:

Before the charge +Q is placed in the ether there was no inter­ac­tion between the point-​volumes. There was no shift of charge in the ether respec­tively the point-​volumes. The dielec­tric move­ment is respon­si­ble for an inter­ac­tive force between the point-​volumes and is the cause for the force between two charges expressed by the Coulomb force:

The charge sep­a­ra­tion, respec­tively the neg­a­tive and pos­i­tive vol­ume dis­place­ment in the point-​volumes, can­not be free to leave the point-​volume, because the orig­i­nal charge +Q would dis­ap­pear and than no elec­tric field E could be observed any­more. There must be a charge dis­place­ment in the point-​volume or ether oth­er­wise the charge would leave the point-​volumes and anni­hi­late the charge +Q.

In an elec­tric field the charge shift must be restricted to the imag­i­nary point-​volumes. The small­est charge known is the charge of an elec­tron -Qe and that of its anti-​particle the positron +Qe. This is the rea­son why we assume the neu­tral point-​volumes exists of over­lap­ping neg­a­tive (-Qe) and a pos­i­tive point-​volumes (+Qe), equal to the ele­men­tary charge of an electron.

For describ­ing the elec­tric field we assume ether with the well-​known elec­tro­mag­netic prop­er­ties of vac­uum, described by:

Logic deter­mined we have to con­sider ether to be encap­su­lated; that the neg­a­tive and pos­i­tive charges can­not be totally free. We added only “visual” enti­ties coex­ist­ing with the elec­tro­mag­netic prop­er­ties of vac­uum. These visual images are the only means by which to describe the phys­i­cal process and they are com­pletely con­sis­tent with the phys­i­cal char­ac­ter­is­tics of vacuum.

As a fact no phys­i­cal char­ac­ter­is­tics are added by visu­al­iz­ing the assumed process. With ether this is pos­si­ble. On the other hand the cur­rent per­cep­tion of elec­tro­mag­netic char­ac­ter­is­tics of vac­uum has mys­te­ri­ous sides caused by the assumed empty space and rel­a­tiv­ity of time and space.

In the per­cep­tion of sci­ence accord­ing to SRT vac­uum is an absolute empty space, where there is no pos­si­bil­ity to com­pre­hend the dielec­tric move­ment or an elec­tric field; only math­e­mat­i­cal for­mu­la­tion is pos­si­ble. A light beam with the present per­cep­tion (SRT) will, when it leaves the earth, reach the end of the uni­verse imme­di­ately. The travel time of the pho­ton is nil. The “clock” of the pho­ton stands still because the pho­ton trav­els with speed c. Mea­sured in our time it will take bil­lions of years for the pho­ton to reach the end of the uni­verse. Time and space exists with the Rel­a­tiv­ity The­ory, but at the same time they do not!

The assump­tion of an absolute empty space the­o­ret­i­cal allows the con­se­quences of SRT; the rel­a­tiv­ity of time and space. The present per­cep­tion of sci­ence con­cern­ing vac­uum is how­ever not any­more the orig­i­nal absolute empty space of SRT assumed by Ein­stein, but one that allows elec­tric and mag­netic fields (field the­ory) which how­ever can­not exist in an assumed absolute empty space! So the con­cept of an absolute empty space is actu­ally already aban­doned by sci­ence, but the the­o­ret­i­cal con­se­quences of the rel­a­tiv­ity of time and space are still con­sid­ered to be valid!!!

It appears Sci­ence does not dare to accept the the­o­ret­i­cal con­se­quences the shift in per­spec­tive con­cern­ing vac­uum (SRT) and field the­ory actu­ally implies. It is always hard to acknowl­edge mis­takes. Because The­o­ret­i­cal Physics refuses to adjust to the altered insights it becomes more and more a reli­gion rather than a science.

Next chap­ter: The Lorentz­fac­tor and the ether

When you are interested in physics you must read “Unbelievable“!

First we describe the physical properties the ether should have to be consistent with the vacuum and the observed electrostatic field. We follow a path unknown and different in many ways from generally accepted theories leading to other thoughts and possibilities so diverged that the consequences induces strong rejection by established science.

Objectively the described ether only has to be consistent with observations. The criticism against ether is determined by current acknowledged theses and not by fundamental objections. The ether theory asks for an unbiased attitude, because many perspectives are new and contrary to the present perceptions of science. It is easy to just ridicule the ether theory, but science should know better. Scientists should always be open to new ideas. Arguments should be directive to the outcome of the debate and not prejudice. No thought should be denied without reason.

If there is ether, than ether hides in a vacuum. The speed of light c, almost 300,000 km/s, is one of the characteristics of vacuum and therefore of the ether. The electric characteristic of vacuum is determined by εo while the magnetic properties are described by μo. The relation between the electric and magnetic properties of vacuum is given by:


The speed of light c, however high it may seem, can be considered as the inert quality of vacuum respectively the lag of ether to transfer electrostatic changes through space in time. When there are electrostatic changes it takes time to adjust for vacuum respectively the ether surrounding the source. The time lag to transfer electrostatic changes in space is given by the speed of light c.

Electric charges in space can be held responsible for a dielectric shift in the ether. The result of the dielectric displacement is a static electric field. Electric charges polarize ether. The natural constant in vacuum for this physical phenomenon is the dielectric susceptibility εo. When we place a charge Q in space at t=0 the surrounding ether will be polarized with the speed of light cεo tells us something about the force needed to attain a shift of electric charge in space. The strength of an electric field is in physics given by:

The equation indicates that the influence of charge Q on the ether declines when the distance to Q increases. The blast of an explosion diminishes in a same way when the distance changes. E, in the equation, is than the loudness of the blast at distance R. The electric field around Q builds up with the velocity c (the blast with the speed of sound). With ether the process of shifting charges in space can be described.

When we assume an ether is present in vaccuum than the ether should be the medium where the electric field originates resp. exists. In ether there has to be positive and negative charge elements to be able to explain the electric field. If we assume ether is some sort of perfect fluid where positive- and negative charge elements are present and can separate and an electric field occurs, we encounter an inconsistency in explaining the electromagnetic properties of vacuum.

When there is free positive and negative charge in ether a charge in vacuum would instantly be shielded by the opposite charge in the fluidic ether. An electric field then not exist. So to be able to describe the electric field we have to assume that the ether is confined to an identity. The positive and negative charge in ether cannot be totally free.

The natural constants εo, μo and c describes the physics of vacuum and therefore the ether it contains. The polarization process can be understood by assuming the ether, vacuum, existing of very small neutral point-volumes. The assumption of an identity like the point-volume is necessary to be able to describe the physics concerning the electrostatic field. The assumption of the existence of point-volumes may seem remarkable at first.

We further assume each neutral point-volume is the result of two overlapping point-volumes of opposite sign; a negative and a positive point-volume. The negative and positive point-volume can be (partly) separated depending on the strength of the electric field. The vacuum is considered to be filled with point-volumes.

These assumptions do not add any physical characteristics to the vacuum we already know. The entities ε, μ and c already implies these now visualized characteristics. The assumption of point-volumes is just the means to visualize the process. When there is an electric field the strength of this field is considered reciprocally proportional with the squared distance of the positive and negative point-volume. Schematically the separation is demonstrated in figure 8.

Compare the process with a very small and very strong spring. When there is an electric field E on opposite sides of the point-volume, there are equal forces pulling apart the positive and negative part. When there is for example a positive charge +Q in the ether, then in the point-volumes next to +Q the negative part of the point-volume is attracted and the positive is rejected. The separation in these point-volumes initiates a separation, in a similar way, in the next point-volume and so on. In this way one can envisage the existence of an electric field in vacuum caused by an electric charge.

Figure 8.  The charge or volume separation in a point-volume.

The charge +Q attracts charge in the ether surrounding it to the extent that and until the charge +Q is neutralized by a shift –Q in the adjacent point-volumes. The charge is neutralized. The charge shift in the adjacent point-volumes is again neutralized by the shift in the next point-volume etc. With the speed of light c the dielectric displacement of charge +Q occurs in space. Although there is a new balance in the ether after X/c sec at distance X from Q, there is still a tension in the ether; the electric field E.

Summarizing the previous; the charge +Q placed in the ether polarizes the ether and at the same time the polarization neutralizes the charge. The tension in the ether is caused by the shift of charge in the point-volumes surrounding the charge. The tension in the ether (E) diminishes with the increase in distance R according to the formula:

Before the charge +Q is placed in the ether there was no interaction between the point-volumes. There was no shift of charge in the ether respectively the point-volumes. The dielectric movement   is responsible for an interactive force between the point-volumes and is the cause for the force between two charges expressed by the Coulomb force:

The charge separation, respectively the negative and positive volume displacement in the point-volumes, cannot be free to leave the point-volume, because the original charge +Q would disappear and than no electric field E could be observed anymore. There must be a charge displacement in the point-volume or ether otherwise the charge would leave the point-volumes and annihilate the charge +Q.

In an electric field the charge shift must be restricted to the imaginary point-volumes. The smallest charge known is the charge of an electron –Qe and that of its anti-particle the positron +Qe. This is the reason why we assume the neutral point-volumes exists of overlapping negative (-Qe) and a positive point-volumes (+Qe), equal to the elementary charge of an electron.

For describing the electric field we assume ether with the well-known electromagnetic properties of vacuum, described by:

Logic determined we have to consider ether to be encapsulated; that the negative and positive charges cannot be totally free. We added only “visual” entities coexisting with the electromagnetic properties of vacuum. These visual images are the only means by which to describe the physical process and they are completely consistent with the physical characteristics of vacuum.

As a fact no physical characteristics are added by visualizing the assumed process. With ether this is possible. On the other hand the current perception of electromagnetic characteristics of vacuum has mysterious sides caused by the assumed empty space and relativity of time and space.

In the perception of science according to SRT vacuum is an absolute empty space, where there is no possibility to comprehend the dielectric movement or an electric field; only mathematical formulation is possible. A light beam with the present perception (SRT) will, when it leaves the earth, reach the end of the universe immediately. The travel time of the photon is nil. The “clock” of the photon stands still because the photon travels with speed c. Measured in our time it will take billions of years for the photon to reach the end of the universe. Time and space exists with the Relativity Theory, but at the same time they do not!

The assumption of an absolute empty space theoretical allows the consequences of SRT; the relativity of time and space. The present perception of science concerning vacuum is however not anymore the original absolute empty space of SRT assumed by Einstein, but one that allows electric and magnetic fields (field theory) which however cannot exist in an assumed absolute empty space! So the concept of an absolute empty space is actually already abandoned by science, but the theoretical consequences of the relativity of time and space are still considered to be valid!!!

It appears Science does not dare to accept the theoretical consequences the shift in perspective concerning vacuum (SRT) and field theory actually implies. It is always hard to acknowledge mistakes. Because Theoretical Physics refuses to adjust to the altered insights it becomes more and more a religion rather than a science.

Next chapter: The Lorentzfactor and the ether

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