search
top

Time dilatation



Time dilatation

When you are inter­ested in physics you must read “Unbe­liev­able”!

The time dilata­tion phe­nom­e­non describes the obser­va­tion that a fast mov­ing unsta­ble par­ti­cle seems to exist longer than the same par­ti­cle at rest. Accord­ing to the Rel­a­tiv­ity The­ory this is caused by the fact that the fast mov­ing par­ti­cle has a “clock” that tics slower. Time dila­tion is observed in cos­mic radi­a­tion. Cos­mic radi­a­tion exists of par­ti­cles like the μ–meson. The μ–meson has an aver­age half life expec­ta­tion of 2.2 microsec­onds (mil­lionth of a second).

The mesons that enter the earth atmos­phere have a speed very close to the speed of light. The mesons are detected and brought to a halt. At an alti­tude of 2.000 meters above sea level one observes an aver­age of 568 mesons per hour. With a speed close to the speed of light the mesons need approx. 6.6 microsec­onds to reach the sea level. The time needed to reach sea level is with 6.6 microsec­onds 3 times the half life expec­ta­tion, so one would expect that an aver­age of 18 (1÷2 by the third power) of the par­ti­cles at 2.000 meters above sea level will reach the sea level. So one may expect to mea­sure 71 mesons there. The num­ber of mesons mea­sured is how­ever 412, almost 6 time the expected num­ber. Appar­ently the mesons live longer when they move.

The expla­na­tion of the Rel­a­tiv­ity The­ory is, that time has to be cor­rected accord­ing to the Lorentz-​transformation. Appar­ently the mesons expe­ri­ence a shorter time than we do. The time trans­for­ma­tion accord­ing to the Rel­a­tiv­ity The­ory is:

with t’ the time the meson expe­ri­ence our time t. Accord­ing to this approach the mesons move with a speed of approx. 0.985 the speed of light c. Is this the exper­i­men­tal con­fir­ma­tion of the rel­a­tiv­ity of time? No, it is only a con­sis­tent argu­men­ta­tion in per­spec­tive of the the­o­ret­i­cal con­se­quences of SRT. This argu­men­ta­tion assumes that the dis­in­te­gra­tion time of the fast mov­ing meson is the same as the dis­in­te­gra­tion time of mesons forced to stop.

We are dis­cussing the ether. There is inter­ac­tion now between the mov­ing meson, with a charge equal of the elec­tron, and the ether. The energy of the move­ment is very high, so high that 1 meson can become almost 6 mesons when the kinetic energy is used to cre­ate new mesons.

The elec­tron is able to eject the oscil­la­tion energy, the trans­formed kinetic energy, when halted. The elec­tron will not dis­in­te­grate because it is extremely sta­ble. The meson how­ever is not sta­ble. It dis­in­te­grates in microseconds.

When the meson is forced to stop, the kinetic energy will force the meson in to oscil­la­tion; like the elec­tron. The meson is how­ever not able to eject the oscil­la­tion energy. The dis­in­te­gra­tion time of an unsta­ble par­ti­cle is depen­dent on the over­flow­ing energy, com­pared to the most sta­ble sit­u­a­tion. The most sta­ble sit­u­a­tion is rest, which means 0 degrees Kelvin.

The fast mov­ing meson is at rest with the ether. The dis­in­te­gra­tion time of an unsta­ble par­ti­cle will decrease when the over­flow­ing energy, tem­per­a­ture, increases. The kinetic energy will stim­u­late the par­ti­cle to an oscil­la­tion when halted. The life­time of the meson has to decline, when it is forced to a “rest”.

With ether the con­clu­sion that time is rel­a­tive when time dilata­tion of mesons is observed, is pre­ma­ture. With ether one can­not assume that the life­time of unsta­ble par­ti­cles remains the same after the kinetic energy of the fast mov­ing par­ti­cle is trans­ferred to oscil­la­tion energy.

On the con­trary, the life­time has to decrease. Radioac­tive dis­in­te­gra­tion can be expected to be depen­dent on the over­flow­ing energy: the ther­mal energy. The dis­in­te­gra­tion con­stant λ can be expected to be pro­por­tional to the exces­sive ther­mal energy:

λ=λo(Ed+Ek)/Ed

where λo is the dis­in­te­gra­tion con­stant at 0 degrees Kelvin, Ek the kinetic energy trans­ferred to the par­ti­cle in the form of oscil­la­tion and Ed is the nec­es­sary dis­in­te­gra­tion energy.

The tem­per­a­ture depen­dency of nor­mal radioac­tive decay will be dif­fi­cult to mea­sure, because the ther­mal energy of the par­ti­cle is very low com­pared to dis­in­te­gra­tion energy (Ek«Ed).

The meson, very unsta­ble, and mov­ing with extreme speed will have an oscil­la­tion energy added that will influ­ence the life­time for sure. From this point of view the observed time dilata­tion is no longer the con­se­quence of the rel­a­tiv­ity of time. The time dif­fer­ence, how ordi­nary it may seem, is very much com­pa­ra­ble with the decreased chem­i­cal reac­tion time when tem­per­a­ture increases.

Next chap­ter: The pro­ton and neutron

When you are interested in physics you must read “Unbelievable“!

The time dilatation phenomenon describes the observation that a fast moving unstable particle seems to exist longer than the same particle at rest. According to the Relativity Theory this is caused by the fact that the fast moving particle has a “clock” that tics slower. Time dilation is observed in cosmic radiation. Cosmic radiation exists of particles like the μ-meson. The μ-meson has an average half life expectation of 2.2 microseconds (millionth of a second).

The mesons that enter the earth atmosphere have a speed very close to the speed of light. The mesons are detected and brought to a halt. At an altitude of 2.000 meters above sea level one observes an average of 568 mesons per hour. With a speed close to the speed of light the mesons need approx. 6.6 microseconds to reach the sea level. The time needed to reach sea level is with 6.6 microseconds 3 times the half life expectation, so one would expect that an average of 1/8 (1/2 by the third power) of the particles at 2.000 meters above sea level will reach the sea level. So one may expect to measure 71 mesons there. The number of mesons measured is however 412, almost 6 time the expected number. Apparently the mesons live longer when they move.

The explanation of the Relativity Theory is, that time has to be corrected according to the Lorentz-transformation. Apparently the mesons experience a shorter time than we do. The time transformation according to the Relativity Theory is:

with t’ the time the meson experience our time t. According to this approach the mesons move with a speed of approx. 0.985 the speed of light c. Is this the experimental confirmation of the relativity of time? No, it is only a consistent argumentation in perspective of the theoretical consequences of SRT. This argumentation assumes that the disintegration time of the fast moving meson is the same as the disintegration time of mesons forced to stop.

We are discussing the ether. There is interaction now between the moving meson, with a charge equal of the electron, and the ether. The energy of the movement is very high, so high that 1 meson can become almost 6 mesons when the kinetic energy is used to create new mesons.

The electron is able to eject the oscillation energy, the transformed kinetic energy, when halted. The electron will not disintegrate because it is extremely stable. The meson however is not stable. It disintegrates in microseconds.

When the meson is forced to stop, the kinetic energy will force the meson in to oscillation; like the electron. The meson is however not able to eject the oscillation energy. The disintegration time of an unstable particle is dependent on the overflowing energy, compared to the most stable situation. The most stable situation is rest, which means 0 degrees Kelvin.

The fast moving meson is at rest with the ether. The disintegration time of an unstable particle will decrease when the overflowing energy, temperature, increases. The kinetic energy will stimulate the particle to an oscillation when halted. The lifetime of the meson has to decline, when it is forced to a “rest”.

With ether the conclusion that time is relative when time dilatation of mesons is observed, is premature. With ether one cannot assume that the lifetime of unstable particles remains the same after the kinetic energy of the fast moving particle is transferred to oscillation energy.

On the contrary, the lifetime has to decrease. Radioactive disintegration can be expected to be dependent on the overflowing energy: the thermal energy. The disintegration constant λ can be expected to be proportional to the excessive thermal energy:

λ=λo(Ed+Ek)/Ed

where λo is the disintegration constant at 0 degrees Kelvin, Ek the kinetic energy transferred to the particle in the form of oscillation and Ed is the necessary disintegration energy.

The temperature dependency of normal radioactive decay will be difficult to measure, because the thermal energy of the particle is very low compared to disintegration energy (Ek<<Ed).

The meson, very unstable, and moving with extreme speed will have an oscillation energy added that will influence the lifetime for sure. From this point of view the observed time dilatation is no longer the consequence of the relativity of time. The time difference, how ordinary it may seem, is very much comparable with the decreased chemical reaction time when temperature increases.

Next chapter: The proton and neutron

top